The manuscript should be prepared according to the following guidelines:
1.  The manuscript should not be longer than exceed 55.000 characters, including the references and annexes.

2.  The abstract should not be more than 250 words

3. The manuscript should be typed and single-spaced on A4 paper, Georgia  style 12.


4. The authors must provide their actual professional address and the e-mail address.

Article structure

Papers should be well structured; they must comprise:

  • Title
  • Short title of no more than 80 characters
  • Author name(s), full postal and email addresses for each author. Please indicate who the corresponding author is.
  • Abstract: no more than 250 words briefly specifying the aims of the work, the main results obtained, and the conclusions drawn. Citations should not be included in the Abstract.
  • Keywords: a minimum of 3 (three) and a maximum of 6 (six) keywords, which will enable subsequent abstracting or information retrieval systems to locate the paper.

Main text: for clarity this should be subdivided into:

  • Introduction: describing the background of the work and its aims.
  • Methods: a brief description of the techniques/ methods used.
  • Results and Discussion: a clear presentation of experimental results obtained, highlighting any trends or points of interest.
  • Conclusions: a brief explanation of the significance and implications of the work reported.
  • References: these should be to accessible sources. Please ensure that all work cited in the text is included in the reference list, and that the dates and authors given in the text match those in the reference list.



Citations in text

Gnosi Journal uses APA 6th edCitation Style.

For intext citation, use surname of author and year of publication: Bassey (2002) or (Bassey 2002). Insert initials only if there are two different authors with the same surname and same year of publication. Different references cited together should be in date order, for example: (Akpan 1983; Ogar & Ogar 2008; Akpanika 2015). The abbreviation “et al.” should be used in the text when there are more than two co-authors of a cited paper. When citing a specific part of a source, also include a page number or range, for example (Usen, 2020, p. 67) or (Usen, 2017, pp. 39–41).

If a paper has been accepted for publication and have not been published as of the time of writing the manuscript “in press” should be used instead of a date.

If a paper has been submitted but not definitely accepted the term “(submitted)” should be used. If the paper is still being prepared the term “(in preparation)” should be used.

Please double-check: every citation in the text must match up to an entry in the reference list and vice-versa.


1. Author(s) assumes all responsibility for the ideas expressed and articulated in the manuscript published.
2. Authors must respect all rules concerning the law governing copyright.
3. All manuscripts are reviewed by two experts. The double-blind peer review process is estimated to take between 2 to 3 months or more in some cases. The subject-editor may ask for revision and may require reformatting of accepted manuscripts.
4. The journal is open access
5. The author can't publish the article in multiple journals