Introduction to the Aesthetic Aspects of the Slovak Left-Wing Revue DAV

Authors

  • Lukáš Perný PERNÝ Slovak Literary Institute of Slovak Matica (Matica slovenská)

Keywords:

Avant-garde art, modernity, left-wing periodicals, Slovak left-wing

Abstract

DAV (based on the initials of the first names of Daniel Okáli, Andrej Sirácky, and Vladimr Clementis) was a leftist journal produced by the group Davisti (young, left-wing Czecho-Slovak intellectuals) in Prague and Bratislava between 1924 and 1937, with intervals. The DAV group was not a writers’ club but rather a free association of authors who rejected Nazism during World War II. The DAV group discussed art, philosophy, literature, criticism, politics, and other topics. The Davists, through the DAV revue, influenced the development of Marxism in Slovakia. The DAV revue was also influential in establishing modernist trends in Slovak visual art and literature. The presented text expands on the short encyclopaedia article “DAV (The Crowd) – Slovak left-wing avant-garde group of the interwar period” (2021) and puts it into aesthetic contexts. This work used the context of Slovak aesthetician J. Migašová’s work (a study on the influence of the New Objectivity and artistic modernity on socially critical art in interwar Slovakia) and M. Habaj’s aesthetical analysis to analyse the first two issues of the DAV revue. This study primarily concentrated on the DAV revue’s representations of typical Slovak artistic modernism.

Author Biography

Lukáš Perný PERNÝ, Slovak Literary Institute of Slovak Matica (Matica slovenská)

PhDr. Lukáš Perný, PhD. (also Lucas Perny), slovak culturologist, cultural critic, social philosopher and musician. He works as a literary and cultural historian, culturologist and literary critic at Slovak Literary Institute of Slovak Matica since 2022.

He is the author of "Utopists, Visionaries of the World of the Future. History of utopias and utopianism" (the book won the Alexander Matuška's Award Prize) and books on philosophy, art and culture, as well as essays, studies and reviews.

He is a member of the Slovak Writers' Society and member of Slovak Matica (Matica slovenská).

He studied Secondary technical building school in Nitra (Stredná priemyselná škola stavebná v Nitre), cultural studies at the faculty of arts the Constantine the Philosopher University (UKF) in Nitra and then cultural studies at the Comenius University (UK in Bratislava). Between 2017 and 2021 he studied philosophy (PhDr. and PhD.) at the Institute of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts, University of Prešov, and from 2021 to 2022 he completed an Erazmus+ internship at the University of Economics in Prague.

Since 2022 he has been researching the cultural, literary and historical significance of Slovak national awakeners of the 19th century (Štúr, Hurban, Hodža, Francisci, Palárik, Viktorin, Pauliny-Toth, Jurkovič, Kráľ, Záborský, Štefanovič, Daxner ...), but also 20th century (Mináč, Clementis, Novomeský).

He is the author of studies published for the journals Philosophica Critica (University of Constantine the Philosopher, Nitra), Philosofija Sociologija (Lithuanian Academy of Sciences), Studia Politica Slovaca (Slovak Academy of Sciences), Filosofický časopis (Institute of Philosophy of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic), Acta Patristica (University of Prešov) and others. He specializes in cultural studies, philosophy (social philosophy, philosophy of history, philosophy of law), cultural history and cultural criticism. The main topics of the author's research are utopia and utopianism, interwar avant-garde movements, culture and counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s, Anglo-American social philosophy, Slavic and Slovak philosophy.

He is the author of film, theater, music and literary reviews published for Nové Slovo, Literary Weekly, Slovak National Newspapers and Slovak Views.

He is the author of interviews with important Czech and Slovak philosophers and social scientists (Jan Keller, Michael Hauser, Richard Sťahel, Marek Hrubec, Rudolf Dupkala, Vladimír Manda, Ladislav Hohoš, Michal Macháček, Petr Kužel, Jozef Sipko, Cristian De Bravo Delorme, Ján Husár, Martina Lubyová and others) and artists (Alexandra Geschwandtnerová, Kristína Prekopová, Martina Pešáková, Lidka Žáková, Robert Žilík, Mária Žilíková-Mandáková, Ivana Matušková, Renáta Ryníková, Sylvia Juhászová, Peter Kubica, Marcella Molnárová, Radoslav Rochallyi).

Published

2023-01-13

How to Cite

PERNÝ, L. P. (2023). Introduction to the Aesthetic Aspects of the Slovak Left-Wing Revue DAV. GNOSI: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Human Theory and Praxis, 5(2), 183-197. Retrieved from https://gnosijournal.com/index.php/gnosi/article/view/198

Issue

Section

Articles