The Church's Ethical Responsibilities towards Net-Zero Carbon Emissions Objectives

Authors

  • Jamin TANHIDY Simpson Theological Seminary
  • Yohanis NDAPAMURI Levinus Rumasep College of Theology
  • YEREMIA Kadesi Theological Seminary
  • Rebecca Joy GUILD Wheaton Graduate School, Wheaton College.

Keywords:

Church, cultural mandate, environment, holistic services, Net-Zero carbon emissions

Abstract

The overuse of fossil fuels and growing industrialisation throughout the world have caused greenhouse gases to be released, raising the global temperature and posing global environmental problems. Therefore, achieving net-zero carbon emissions is imperative. Net-zero carbon emissions can be attained by balancing the entire amount of carbon dioxide or greenhouse gas emissions over a period of time and making environmentally sustainable initiatives. For environmental sustainability to be successful, it must have a means of translating into environmentally friendly attitudes and actions of humans towards the environment. The Christian faith teaches that the earth is the Lord's and that humans have moral responsibility as "stewards." Thus, Christians and the Church corporately have a basic role in achieving net-zero carbon emissions. This paper presents a systematic discussion using the Indonesian Church as a case study to look at the moral responsibilities of the corporate church in attaining net-zero carbon emissions. This work employs the research method of "content analysis" to examine both the primary and secondary existing literature on the research topic. This essay first identifies the theological role of the church in addressing environmental issues, which implies understanding the stewardship mandate that God has placed on humans to care for the earth. This paper also discussed the educational role of the corporate church in educating its adherents. Lastly, from the practical aspect, this paper discussed how and why the Indonesian church should support the government’s programmes (such as the Green Village program) to help overcome the environmental crisis.

References

An, R., Ji, M., & Zhang, S. (2018). Global warming and obesity: a systematic review. Obesity Reviews, 19(2), 150–163. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12624

Anjaya, C. E., Triposa, R., & Runtunuwu, A. J. (2021). Gereja dan Pendidikan Kristen: Ekspresi Iman Mengatasi Isu Pemanasan Global pada Ruang Virtual dan Dunia Nyata. Jurnal Teruna Bhakti, 4(1), 36–47. https://doi.org/10.47131/JTB.V4I1.93

Aryai, V., & Goldsworthy, M. (2022). Controlling electricity storage to balance electricity costs and greenhouse gas emissions in buildings. Energy Informatics, 5(1), 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42162-022-00216-5

Cahyono, D. B. (2021). Eko-Teologi John Calvin: Dasar Kekristenan Dalam Tindakan Ekologi (Sebuah Respon Kekristenan Terhadap Tindakan Ekologi). Diegesis : Jurnal Teologi, 6(2), 72–88. https://doi.org/10.46933/DGS.vol6i272-88

Chaichaloempreecha, A., Chunark, P., Hanaoka, T., & Limmeechokchai, B. (2022). Thailand’s Mid-Century Greenhouse Gas Emission Pathways To Achieve The 2 Degrees Celsius Target. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 12(1), 22. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-022-00349-1

Chuenwong, K., Wangjiraniran, W., Pongthanaisawan, J., Sumitsawan, S., & Suppamit, T. (2022). Municipal Solid Waste Management For Reaching Net-Zero Emissions In ASEAN Tourism Twin Cities: A Case Study Of Nan And Luang Prabang. Heliyon, 8(8). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e10295

Eni, S. P. (2018). Upaya - Upaya Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi Dki Jakarta Dalam Mengatasi Masalah Permukiman Kumuh Di Perkotaan . Repositori Universitas Kristen Indonesia, 243–252. http://repository.uki.ac.id/489/

Frölicher, T. L., & Paynter, D. J. (2015). Extending The Relationship Between Global Warming And Cumulative Carbon Emissions To Multi-Millennial Timescales. Environmental Research Letters, 10(7), 075002. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/10/7/075002

Hamaduna, N. L. (2021). Peranan Ekologis Gereja. Aletheia: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pendidikan Kristen, 2(1), 18–35. https://doi.org/10.55851/ALETHEIA.V2I1.28

Humphreys, J. (2021). The Role of the Faculty System in Achieving Net-Zero Carbon Emissions by 2030. Ecclesiastical Law Journal, 23(1), 50–66. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0956618X20000642

Istiadji, A. D. (2011). Pendekatan Gaya Hidup “Hijau” Untuk Konsumsi Energi Yang Lebih Arif (Green Life Style For Better Energy Consumption). Seminar Nasional Life Style and Architecture, 153–160. http://digilib.mercubuana.ac.id/manager/t!@file_artikel_abstrak/Isi_Artikel_470484512610.pdf

Jankovic, L., Bharadwaj, P., & Carta, S. (2021). How can UK Housing Projects be Brought in Line With Net-Zero Carbon Emission Targets? Frontiers in Built Environment, 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fbuil.2021.754733

Kamsiati, E., Herawati, H., & Purwani, E. Y. (2017). The Development Potential of Sago and Cassava Starch-Based Biodegradable Plastic in Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 36(2), 67. https://doi.org/10.21082/jp3.v36n2.2017.p67-76

Kamuri, J. P. (2020). Transformasi Wawasan Dunia Marapu: Tantangan Pembinaan Warga Gereja Di Sumba. Evangelikal: Jurnal Teologi Injili Dan Pembinaan Warga Jemaat, 4(2), 131–143. https://doi.org/10.46445/EJTI.V4I2.257

Kristanto, D., Runtuwene, D., Lawalata, M., & Poroe, H. (2022). Natural Theology and its Relevance to Religious Pluralism in Indonesia. Evangelikal: Jurnal Teologi Injili Dan Pembinaan Warga Jemaat, 6(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.46445/ejti.v6i1.406

Kuyper, J., Schroeder, H., & Linnér, B. O. (2018). The Evolution of the UNFCCC. Https://Doi.Org/10.1146/Annurev-Environ-102017-030119, 43, 343–368. https://doi.org/10.1146/ANNUREV-ENVIRON-102017-030119

Latumahina, D. E. (2013). Kemesiasan Yesus Berdasarkan Lukas 4:18-19 Sebagai Dasar Holistic Ministry Gereja. Missio Ecclesiae, 2(2), 111–124. https://doi.org/10.52157/me.v2i2.28

Montek, S. A., & Patel, U. (2021). Getting to Net Zero: An Approach for India at CoP-26. www.csep.org

Nassa, G. S. (2020). Pengantar ke Dalam Teologi Natural Alister E. McGrath. Pengarah: Jurnal Teologi Kristen, 2(1), 15–32. https://doi.org/10.36270/pengarah.v2i1.20

Ngabalin, M. (2020). Ekoteologi : Tinjauan Teologi Terhadap Keselamatan Lingkungan Hidup. CARAKA: Jurnal Teologi Biblika Dan Praktika, 1(2), 118–134. https://doi.org/10.46348/car.v1i2.22

Nihayah, D. M., Mafruhah, I., Hakim, L., & Suryanto, S. (2022). CO2 Emissions in Indonesia: The Role of Urbanization and Economic Activities towards Net Zero Carbon. Economies, 10(4), 72. https://doi.org/10.3390/economies10040072

Ojo, M., & Theodore. (2021). Munich Personal RePEc Archive Towards net zero carbon emissions: carbon pricing strategies and the role of innovative technologies. https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/110586/1/MPRA_paper_110586.pdf

Pasang, H. (2011). Mengasihi Lingkungan. Literatur Perkantas.

Piontek, F. M., Herrmann, C., & Saraev, A. (2021). Steps from Zero Carbon Supply Chains and Demand of Circular Economy to Circular Business Cases. European Journal of Social Impact and Circular Economy, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.13135/2704-9906/5712

Pomponi, F., Anguita, M. L., Lange, M., D’Amico, B., & Hart, E. (2021). Enhancing the Practicality of Tools to Estimate the Whole Life Embodied Carbon of Building Structures via Machine Learning Models. Frontiers in Built Environment, 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fbuil.2021.745598

Puspita, K. M., & Dewi, S. P. (2013). Analisis Peran Gerakan Kampung Hijau Sebagai Upaya Pengelolaan Di Kelurahan Rawajati Kecamatan Pancoran Jakarta Selatan . Ejournal3.Undip.Ac.Id, 1(1). https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/ruang/article/view/2863

Rochyani, N.-, Utpalasari, R. L., & Dahliana, I. (2020). Analisis Hasil Konversi Eco Enzyme Menggunakan Nenas (Ananas Comosus ) Dan Pepaya (Carica papaya L.). Jurnal Redoks, 5(2), 135. https://doi.org/10.31851/redoks.v5i2.5060

Setiawan, D. E., Dismas, S., & Mandowen, Y. (2021). Pendekatan Pastoral terhadap Pelestarian Hutan. Huperetes, 2(2), 96–108. https://doi.org/10.46817/huperetes.v2i2.51

Siahaya, J., Martinus Siahaya, K., & Rinukti, N. (2020). Tuhan Ada di Mana-mana: Mencari Makna bagi Korban Bencana di Indonesia. KURIOS (Jurnal Teologi Dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen), 6(1), 103–113. https://doi.org/10.30995/KUR.V6I1.147

Siburian, T. (2010). Permasalahan Lingkungan dan Keprihatinan Injili. Jurnal Amanat Agung, 6(2), 279–301.

Suhardi, R. P., & Purwanto, A. (2015). Analisis Faktor – Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Pengungkapan Emisi Karbon di Indonesia (Studi Pada Perusahaan Yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia Periode 2010 - 2013). Diponegoro Juornal of Accounting, 4(2). https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/accounting/article/view/16527/15920

Tampubolon, Y. H. (2020). Refleksi Kepedulian Injili Pada Isu Lingkungan Hidup. STULOS, 18(1), 53–76. https://www.christianpost.com/news/40-percent-white-evangelicals-support-

Telaumbanua, S. (2020). Pak Gereja Dalam Konteks Lingkungan Hidup Suatu Refleksi Terhadap Markus16:15. Jurnal Shanan, 4(1), 41–56. https://doi.org/10.33541/shanan.v4i1.1767

Tembay, A. E., & Eliman. (2020). Merajut Anugerah Dalam Penginjilan Holistik. SCRIPTA: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pelayanan Kontekstual, 7(1), 33–49. https://doi.org/10.47154/scripta.v7i1.59

Utomo, G. C. (2017). Aktivitas Kampanye Gaya Hidup Hijau (GREEN LIFESTYLE) (Study Pada Badan Pengurus Inti Hilo Green Community Malang) [Universitas Negeri Malang]. https://eprints.umm.ac.id/35120/

Wenas, M. L., Br. Simamora, E. S., Maharin, M., Candra, J. A., & Priskila, R. (2021). Nilai-Nilai Kristiani Bagi Kompetensi Kepribadian Guru. Skenoo: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen, 1(1), 1–10.

Wijaya, W. (2019). Konsep Misi Holistik Menurut Referensi Gerakan Lausanne Antara Penginjilan dan Tanggungjawab Sosial serta Implikasinya bagi Praksis Misi Gereja-gereja Injili Tionghoa di Indonesia. http://repository.seabs.ac.id/handle/123456789/642

Wulandari, W. R. (2022). Kunci Pertumbuhan Gereja di Indonesia yang Berbasis Data dari Perspektif Evangelikal dan Tinjauan Kritis Atasnya. Jurnal Sosial Teknologi, 2(3), 295–305. https://doi.org/10.36418/jurnalsostech.v2i3.313

Yuono, Y. R. (2019). Etika Lingkungan : Melawan Etika Lingkungan Antroposentris Melalui Interpretasi Teologi Penciptaan Yang Tepat Sebagai Landasan Bagi Pengelolaan-Pelestarian Lingkungan. FIDEI: Jurnal Teologi Sistematika Dan Praktika, 2(1), 183–203. https://doi.org/10.34081/fidei.v2i1.40

Published

2022-09-23

How to Cite

TANHIDY, J., NDAPAMURI, Y. ., YEREMIA, & GUILD, R. J. . (2022). The Church’s Ethical Responsibilities towards Net-Zero Carbon Emissions Objectives. GNOSI: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Human Theory and Praxis, 5(2), 123-135. Retrieved from https://gnosijournal.com/index.php/gnosi/article/view/199